3 September 1812 Will of John Pike of St James Westminster, Middlesex (proved 15 November 1817)

The original will can be obtained online from The National Archives.

Source: TNA, PROB 11/1598

If you came to this page directly, then you might want to know that I have additional Pike information on my website.



I John Pike of Air Street Piccadilly in the parish of Saint James Westminster
in the County of Middlesex Gentleman Do make this my will as follows I desire to be buried at
Whitchurch in the said County of Middlesex I direct that my Leasehold House in Air
Street aforesaid together with all my Debts Fixtures and Fittings up therein and Furniture
apperteining to my profession and business and also all my Household Fixtures be disposed
of as soon after my Decease as my Exors shall think fit and the monies to arise therefrom
to fall into and constitute a part of my residuary personal Estate and all the rest of my
Household Goods and furniture and all my plate Linen China prints pictures books (except
										   books



Books of account in my profession and business) glass wines liquors and other Household Stores and also
all my wearing apparel watches Rings and Trinkets I give and bequeath unto my Dear Wife jane
Pike absolutely and I also give to my said dear wife two hundred pounds Stirling for her immediate
use to be paid to her within one month after my Death and all the rest and residue of my personal
Estate Debts Credits and Effects I direct my Exors hereinafter named their Exors and admors to sell
dispose of collect get in and convert into Money and by with from and out out of the produce thereof
and my ready monies and the monies to arise from the Sale of my Leasehold house and premises
in Air Street aforesaid and my Debts Fixtures Fittings up and Furniture therein appertaining to my
profession and other my residuary personal Estate in the first place pay and satisfy all my just Debts
and my Funeral Expences and the Costs and Charges of Proving this my Will and performing the trusts
aforesaid and the aforesaid Legacy of two hundred pounds to my said Wife and after payment thereof
and subject thereto that they my said Exors or the Survivor of them his Exors or Admors do and shall
invest and lay out all the clear surplus and residue of all the said Monies to arise from and contituting my
said residuary personal Estate as aforesaid in their or his own names or name in the public Funds
or upon Real or Government Securities of and in Great Britain at Interest but with the Consent and
approbation of my said Dear Wife (if living and being my widow but not otherwise) signified in
writing under her hand and that they my said Exors and the Survivor of them and the Exors or
admors of such Survivor shall and do stand possessed of all such Funds and Securities and also
of all such Stocks or Funds as I shall or may happen to die possessed of or so much thereof as they or
he shall or may not think proper to dispose of for the purpose of this my Will and all other my said
property constituting part of my residuary personal Estate upon the Trusts following (that is to
say) In Trust to pay or permit and empower my said Dear Wife Jane Pike to receive and
take the Interest Dividends and annual proceeds of all the said Funds and Securities constituting my
said residuary personal Estate to arise and grow due during the natural life of her my said Dear Wife
and her remaining my widow but no longer for the support and Maintenance of herself and to
enable her to maintain Cloath Educate and bring up our Children during their respective minorities
and in case my said Dear Wife shall after my decease marry again then my will is and I direct that
from and after such her second Marriage during the remainder of her natural life they my said
Exors and the Survivor of them and the Exors or Admors of such Survivor do and shall by with from
and out of the interest Dividends and annual proceeds of my said residuary personal Estate and the
Funds or Securities constituting the same pay into the proper hands of her my said dear Wife an
annual Sum of Sixty pounds Sterling by equal quarterly payments free from all Taxes and
deductions whatsoever for her sole and separate use and benefit or to such person or persons
as she my said wife from time to time by writing under her hand but not so as to dispose thereof
by way of anticipation shall direct or appoint and I do declare and direct that the same annual
Sum of sixty pounds or any part thereof shall not be subject or liable to the power controul 
interference Debts Engagements or Incumbrances of any Husband with whom she my
said Wife shall intermarry nor shall the same or any part thereof be liable to be sold Mortgaged
Charged or Imcumbered by her my said wife by way of anticipation my intent being not only
to provide but to preserve the same as a certain and unalienable (tho' small) provision and
support for her my said dear wife at all times and I do also declare and direct that the receipts
of her my said wife Signed with her proper hand and those only shall be good and sufficient
discharges for the said annuity or yearly Sum of Sixty pounds and from and after the
decease or second marriage (which shall first happen) of my said Wife and in the latter event
of her marrying again Subject to the appropriation of a Competent part of the Funds or Securities
constituting my residuary personal Estate to answer and pay the said annuity or clear
yearly Sum of sixty pounds to my said Wife for her seperate use as aforesaid my Will is
and I direct that they my said Exors and the Survivor of them and the Exors and admors
of such Survivor do and shall stand possessed of all the said Funds and Securities constituting
my said Residuary personal Estate In Trust for all and every of my Children by my said
dear Wife Jane Pike who being a Son or Sons shall live to attain the age of twenty one
years or die under such age and have lawful Issue and being a Daughter or Daughters
shall live to attain such age or to be married in equal parts and proportions share and
share alike for their respective absolute use and if only one of my said Children (being a son)
shall live to attain the age of twenty one years or die under such age and leave lawful
Issue or being a Daughter shall live to attain such Age or to be married then In Trust for
such only Child for his or her absolute use and if all my said Children shall die before any of theim
being a Son or Sons shall attain the Age of twenty one years and without leaving any lawful
									           Issue



Issue and being a Daughter or Daughters shall attain the like age or be married then as to all my said
residuary personal Estate and the Funds and Securities in or upon which the same shall be place out or
invested In Trust as to one Moiety thereof for my said Dear Wife Jane Pike (in case she shall survive all
our said Children) her Exors admors and assigns But in case she shall not survive all our said Children
Then In Trust as to such Moiety for my Dear Mother Ann Pike her Exors Admors and assigns absolutely
and as to the other Moiety thereof In Trust also for my said Mother Ann Pike her Exors admors and
assigns absolutely I give and Devise all my Copyhold Estate at Little Stanmore in the said County
of Middlesex and holden of the Manor of Little Stanmore with the Appurts unto and to the use
of my Eldest Son John Pike his Heirs and assigns for ever according to the Custom of the said
Manor And in consideration of his my said Eldest Son John Pikes taking such Copyhold
Estate it is my intention and I do hereby declare and direct that he my said Eldest son John
Pike or in case of his dying under the Age of twenty one years and without leaving Issue
of his body that my next Eldest Son who shall be heir to my said Eldest Son John
Pike and shall succeed to my said Copyhold Estate at Little Stanmore shall have and
be entitled to one thousand pounds less for his share of my residuary personal Estate than
my other Child or Children and my will is and I direct that my said Exors and the Survivor of
them and the Exors or Admors of such Survivor may and do and shall with the Consent and
approbation of my said Dear Wife during her life and her remaining my widow signified
in writing under her hand and notwithstanding the Trusts aforesaid and after her Decease or
second Marriage which shall first happen) at the discretion and of the proper Authority
of them my said Exors or the Survivor of them his Exors or Admors lay out pay and
apply any part or parts of the apparent or presumptive parts or shares of my said
Children of and in my said residuary personal Estate for the putting or placing out Clerk
or apprentice or otherwise advancing my said Children in life not exceeding the Sum of two
hundred and fifty pounds for each Child And my will also is and I direct that my said
Exors and the Survivor of them and the Exors or Admors of such Survivor may and do and
shall with the Consent and approbation of my said Dear wife if she shall be my widow
signified in writing under her Hand and notwithstanding the trusts aforesaid advance and
pay to each and every or to any one or more of my Children who being a Son or Sons shall
attain the age of twenty one years and being a Daughter or Daughters shall attain the
like age or be married upon or at any time after his or her attaining such age or being
married any part or parts of his or her apparent or presumptive part or share of my said
residuary personal Estate not exceeding for each such Child the Sum of two hundred
and fifty pounds Sterling as part of his or her said apparent or presumptive part or share
of and in my said residuary personal Estate and my Will also is and I direct that
during the minority of my said Eldest Son John Pike and in case of his dying under the age
of twenty one years and without leaving Issue of his body then during the minority of my next
eldest Son who shall be heir to my said Eldest Son John Pike and succeed to my aforesaid
Copyhold Estate at Little Stanmore that the same Copyhold Estate shall be let and managed
by the Guardians and Guardian hereby by me appointed of and for such my said Eldest or
other Son or Sons and the Rents and profits thereof be received and taken and laid out paid
applied and disposed of in for or towards his Maintenance Education Cloathing and bringing
up and placing or putting out in the world Clerk or apprentice or otherwise for his advancement
in life and I direct that during the widowhood of my said Wife the said rents and profits
shall for the purposes last aforesaid be paid into the Hands of or be permitted to be received
by her my said Wife to be by her so disposed of laid out paid and applied as hereinbefore
mentioned and that she shall not afterwards be bound to account for the same And my
will also is and I direct that after the Decease or second marriage (which shall first happen
of my said Wife that the Interest Dividends and annual proceeds of the apparent or presumptive
parts and Shares of such my said Children who being a Son or Sons shall be under the age of
twenty one years and being a Daughter or Daughters shall be under the said age of twenty
one years and not have been married of and in my said residuary personal Estate or so much
thereof as in the judgement and discretion of my said Exors or the Survivor of them or the Exors
or Admors of such Survivor shall be thought proper shall be laid out applied and disposed of in
for or twoards the Maintenance Education Cloathing and bringing up of such Child or Children
and that the Surplus or residue (if any) of the said Interest Dividends and annual proceeds
shall from time to time be laid out to accumulate with and form part of the share of Capital
from whence the same shall have arisen and shall go therewith according tot his my Will But
										nevertheless



nevertheless I do expressly declare and direct that it shall and may be lawful to and for my said Exors
and the Survivor of them and the Exors or Admors of such Survivor to lay out pay apply and dispose of any
part or parts of such accumulations or interest and Dividends in the next or any other succeeding year or
years for the benefit of the Child or Children to whom the same shall belong in such way and manner
as they my said Exors or the Survivor of them his Exors or Admors shall think proper and my will further
is and I do hereby declare and direct that it shall and may be lawful to and for my said Exors and the
Survivor of them and the Exors or Admors of such Survivor with the Consent and approbation of my 
said Dear Wife if living and my widow signified in writing under her hand and after her Decease or
second Marriage which shall first happen at the discretion and of the proper authority of them my
said Exors or of the Survivor of them his Exors or admores to alter and Change all or any Stocks Funds or
Securities constituting a part of my residuary personal Estate for and to other Stocks Funds or Securities
of the like nature and I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my Friends William Scott Peckham of
New Boswell Court Carey Street in the said County of Middlesex Esquire and George Daurne of York
Street Covent Garden in the said County of Middlesex Gentleman Exors of this my Will and my
said Dear Wife Jane Pike during her life and her remaining my widow and the said William Scott
Peckham and George Daurne and the Survivor of them Guardians and Guardian of all my
Children during their respective Minorities and I give to each of my said Friends William Scott
Peckham and George Daurne the Sum of Fifty pounds as a small token of my Friendship and a mark
of my sense of gratitude for their acceptance of tehe burthen of proof of this my will and I do hereby also
declare and direct that my said Exors and their Exors and Admors shall only be answerable and
accountable for what they shall respectively actually receive and each only for his own acts Deeds receipts
payments and wilful defaults (the joining in receipts for Conformity notwithstanding) and that they
or any of them shall not be answerable or accountable for any loss that may arise in putting out my
estate according to this my will nor for any other loss whatsoever which may arise to my Estate unless
the same shall arise by or through their wilful default and further that they my said Exors and their
Exors and Admors may and shall be at liberty and i do hereby give them and him full power and
authority to compound for liquidate and settle all Debts and Monies due and owing to me or to my
Estate in such way and manner as they and he shall think proper and to intrust the same or any
of my account to arbitration and generally to settle my affairs as they my said Exors and the Survivor
of them or the Exors or Admors of such Survivor shall think best and I do hereby also direct and declare
that my said Exors and each of them and their and each of their Exors and Admors shall be allowed
and may deduct and retain all their Costs Charges and Expences in and about the Execution of this
my will and the Trusts thereof out of the Monies comeing to their hands by virtue of this my Will
and lastly I do hereby revoke all former wills and dispositions and do declare this only to be my last
will and testament In Witness whereof I the said John Pike the Testator have to this my last will
and Testament contained in this and the four preceding Sheets of paper (affixed together with my
Seal) set my hand and Seal to wit my hand to the bottom of each of the four preceding Sheets and
my hand and Seal to this the fifth and last Sheet of all the said Sheets this third Day of September
in the year of our lord One thounsand eight hundred and twelve  John Pike  LS  Signed
Sealed published and declared by the said John Pike the Testator as and for his last will and testament
in the presence of us  W P Clarke  Josh Slayt  } Clerk to Mr Pike

I make this Codicil to my last will & Testament I revoke so much of my said will as
directs that my Exors shall sell my interest in the house in which I live & my Effects therein and I
hereby give them a discretion to sell or continue the same for the occupation and use of my Family
8 March 1814  John Pike

Appeared Personally Arthur Clarke of Bishopsgate Street in the City of London Solicitor
and John Pike of Air Street Piccadilly in the County of Middlesex Gentleman and jointly and sevrally
made oath that they respectively knew and were well acquainted with John Pike late of Air Street
Piccadilly in the parish of Saint James Westminster in the County of Middlesex deceased for
several years before and down to the time of his Death and that having during such their acquaintance
with the said Deceased frequently seen him write and also Subscribe his Name to writings they
have thereby severally become well acquainted with the manner and Character of his Hand writing
and Subscription and the appearers having now respectfully carefuly viewed and perused the
paper writing hereto annexed which purports to be and contain a Codicil to the last will and
Testament of the said Deceased and which said Codicil begins thus "I make this Codicil to my
last will and Testament" ends thus "for the occupation and use of my Family 8 March 1814"



and is then subscribed "John Pike" they lastly made oath jointly and severally that they verily and in
their consciences believe the whole Body series and Contents of the said Codicil and also the said recited
Subscription to the same to be all of the own proper Handwriting and Subscription of the said Deceased
Arthur Clarke  John Pike  on tuesday the Eleventh Day of November 1817 the said Arthur
Clark and John Pike was severally duly Sworn to the truth of this affidavit before me
John Danbeny Surr  P??t MB Engleheart Notary Public

On the 15th of November 1817 admon with the will & Codicil annexed of the Goods &c of John Pike decd was
granted to Jane Pike wo the Relict the Residuary Legatee during life or widowhood being first Sworn
duly to admr  William Scott Peckham & George Daurie the Exors & Residuary Legatees In Trust
having first renounced as well the letters probate & Exon of the said Will & Codl as also the Letters of Admon with
the said Will & Codl annexed of the Goods of the said deced


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Last Modified: Friday, 26-Aug-2011 21:48:11 NDT